What’s in a Turbo Charger?

Are you fond of car racing? Did you ever ask the question why cars used in car racing are fast? In this article we will find out how to turbo a car and how it works. This article will serve as a guide on how to do it the right way even in the comforts of our home.

Many of those who are into motor sports will give you the same suggestion. Turbo charging your vehicle may be tricky but you can always follow these steps to do it right. But before you charge those turbos in your cars, let’s find out how a turbo charger works first. There are two major components of a turbo charger:

  1. Compressor Housing (Cold side)
  2. Turbine Housing (Hot side)

Exhausts gasses come from the back side of the turbo lead by the engine, the exhaust gasses then spin inside the turbine wheel. It then sends the shaft speed to the front and sacks the cold air from outside the car to the turbo compressing it using the air. This will eventually boost the air.

Turbos: How They Work | Science Garage

What’s inside a turbo charger:

Billet Compressor wheel or the GTX – This is a work of art. It also known as the most advanced compressor wheel in the market. This turbo can spin up to 280,000 rpn.

Oil. This is a very crucial part in the turbo. Because it has bearings, the turbo needs lubrication. Oil pressure is very vital to prevent pressure from building up.

Coolant. This keeps the center section cold. It prevents the oil from heating up inside the turbo.

How to regulate the pressure in turbos?

There are two important parts to regulate the turbo, the manifold and wastegate.

The part that regulates the heat or cools down the cooler is with the help of an intercooler. This cools down the turbo for more horsepower.

The device that creates the distinct loud sound in turbos is produced by the blowoff valve. It is also termed as dump valve or the compressor bypass valve. It is used to remove the load or pressure of the turbocharger when the throttle suddenly closes.